Philodendron simulans G.S.Bunting
  • Phytologia 64: 476 (1988) 

Notes: Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas)

General Description

Climbing herb. Stem 1-2 cm diam., internodes 1-4 cm long, in upper part with semi-intact, dry cataphylls persistent and slowly weathering to shreds and fibers. LEAVES: Petiole somewhat spongy, weakly flattened adaxially, to 48 cm long (equaling or slightly exceeding blade). Leaf blade subcoriaceous, ovate, to 42 cm long, 25 cm wide at point just below petiole insertion, apex briefly acuminate, posterior lobes more or less trapeziform and separated by a narrowly parabolic sinus to 12 cm deep. INFLORESCENCE unknown.

Diagnostic Description

The retention of the old cataphylls easily distinguishes this species from P. acutatum. Also, the nervature is inconspicuous, drying darker brown than the ground color of the blade, and' the primary lateral veins arise at a sharper angle. In P. acutatum, the veins are conspicuous, drying much paler than the base color of the blade, and the primary lateral veins originate at a wide angle (70-80°). From P. ornatum Schott, this taxon differs by the petiole weakly flattened adaxially and the leaf blade of different outline.


Venezuela: Amazonas, Depto. Río Negro: Cerro de la Neblina.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Northern South America Venezuela


  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Bunting, G.S."" New taxa of Venezuelan Araceae (II). Phytologia. 64 (6), (1988).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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