Philodendron ruizii Schott
  • Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 418 (1854) 


Notes: Distribution: Ecuador to Bolivia

General Description

Usually epiphytic, sometimes terrestrial or hemiepiphytic; internodes 0.3–20cm long, young plants with internodes to 15 cm, 2.3-4.8cm in diam., medium yellow to pale green becoming gray to medium green, semi glossy, tinged brown, becoming light brown and matte in age, eventually scurfy with many transverse fissures and wrinkles; stems woody; cataphylls between 10.5-34 cm long, membranaceous usually sharply to weakly 2-ribbed, sometimes unribbed or 1- ribbed, medium to pale green, reddish tinged at base, (sometimes reddish throughout in juvenile plants), densely short, dark-lineate, persisting only in the upper nodes turning mushy then deciduous sometimes persisting intact and mushy, dark yellow-brown, finally dark brown with large fragments and fine pale fibers. LEAVES: Petioles subterete, moderately spongy, obtusely flattened and obtusely sulcate adaxially, medium to dark green with short dark green lineations throughout, weakly glossy to matte, densely, dark-dashed with fine lines; blades oblong to narrowly elliptic to oblong-ovate-elliptic, usually 3 times longer than wide, it has a smooth margin, petioles typically about half of blades length, coriaceous to subcoriaceous, dark green and semi-glossy above, moderately paler and weakly glossy to matte below; midrib brown, convex to flat and slightly paler above in valley, narrowly rounded and slightly darker below, sometimes slightly paler below with short, darker lineations, with a narrow purple ring at apex; primary lateral veins usually conspicuous, u-shaped, becoming less conspicuous at margin, obtusely to weakly sunken, weakly quilted, concolorous above, convex to slightly darker below, except sometimes faintly pale-striate in lower portion above, thick convex, matte, and unmarked below; minor veins not conspicuous; cross veins weakly visible. INFLORESCENCES short-pedunculate up to 14 per axil, usually 1-8 per axil, clustered; peduncle short 3.5-7cm long, obtusely flattened on one side, white to medium-yellow-green, finely striate, reddish toward apex, clearly demarcated from spathe; spathe 8.5–14.5 cm long, 1.5–3 cm diam., thicker toward apex and bluntly acute at apex, greenish white to white on both sides, weakly glossy outside, slightly paler and glossy inside; resin canals clearly visible; spadix 8–14.5 cm long, white to yellow-green; pistillate portion of the spadix medium green, pistils sparse and clearly aligned in rows, 3-4 cm in length and 5mm-1.25cm diam.; staminate spadix greenish white, tends to be slightly longer than pistillate portion of spadix, 2-4.5 cm in length and between 5 mm–1.25 cm in diameter, persisting outside of tube and protruding up to 1cm; INFRUCTESCENCE with young fruits pale green.

Habitat

In Ecuador, this plant is typically found above 1500 m and is found more commonly in Premontane wet forest and Montane wet forest. It is found less frequently in Montane steppe, Montane moist forest, Lower montane moist forest, Tropical moist forest, Lower montane wet forest, Premontane rainforest, and Subalpine wet forest.

Distribution

Found along the western border of South America from the southwestern tip of Colombia (Putumayo), Ecuador (Azuay, Esmeraldas, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Pastaza, Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru (Amazonas, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huanuco, Junin, Pasco, San Martín), Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz.) This species is found on the eastern side of the Andes between 150–2300 m. In Ecuador, this plant is typically found above 1500 m and is found more commonly in Premontane wet forest and Montane wet forest. It is found less frequently in Montane steppe, Montane moist forest, Lower montane moist forest, Tropical moist forest, Lower montane wet forest, Premontane rainforest, and Subalpine wet forest.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Bolivia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard & Lytle, L. Personal Communication. (2006).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.