Philodendron quinquelobum K.Krause
  • H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 23Db: 111 (1913) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Acre), Peru to Bolivia

General Description

Plant hemiepiphytic, roots clasping; internodes 1-4 cm long when young and 0.5-0.9 cm long when adult, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, straw-coloured when dry, minusculely rugose. LEAF: Prophyll 8-9.5 cm long, 0.5-0.6 cm in diameter, very light green to yellowish with barely one wing in the apical portion. Petiole 10-23 cm long, 0.2-0.3 cm in diameter, green with short whitish striations, subcylindric-cylindric, purple extrafloral nectaries on the abaxial side; sheath inconspicuous. Leaf blade pinnatilobed, oblong, subcoriaceous, upper side dark green, glossy, lower side light green and glossy. Anterior division 15-23 cm long, 15-18.5 cm wide, base narrowed 5-8 cm wide, primary lateral lobes 1 on each side, primary lateral veins 4-7 on each side, impressed above, also with intermediates. Posterior division 3.5-5.5 cm long, 10-15 wide, lobes without indentations in all leaves; acroscopic primary lateral veins 1-2, basioscopic 2-3. INFLORESCENCE: 2-3 per floral sympodium. Peduncle 2-7 cm long, 0.25-0.55 cm in diameter, green covered with white striations, subcylindric. Spathe 6-11.5 cm long, with red to wine-coloured margins, tube 3-6 cm long, 1.5-2.4 cm in diameter, ovoid, externally apple-green, internally whitish-green, with ferruginous resin lines. Blade 2.8-5.5 cm long, 0.9-1.7 cm in diameter, oblong, apex shortly acuminate, externally yellowish green, internally white without resin lines. Spadix 10.3 cm long, subsessile and deeply decurrent; female zone 4.2 cm long, 0.8 cm in diameter, very light green, cylindric, narrowing towards the base; intermediate sterile male zone 0.8 cm long, 0.7 cm in diameter, white, subcylindric; fertile male zone 5.3 cm long, 0.7 cm in diameter, white, cylindric, apex obtuse, generally secreting ferruginous resin in the basal portion of this zone. Flowers: Stamens 3-4 per flower, 1.25 mm long, 1 mm wide; staminodes 1.5 mm long, ca. 1.1 mm wide; gynoecium 1.5-1.7 mm long, prismatic; ovary 0.7-1 mm long, ca. 0.7 mm wide; locules 6-8 per ovary; ovules 3 per locule, ca. 0.40 mm long, hemianatropous, trichomes on the funicles; placentation axile; style ca. 0.50-0.7 cm long, ca. 0.8 mm wide; stigma 0.7-1 mm wide, discoid. INFRUCTESCENCE: Not seen.

Habitat

This species occurs both in “mata de baxio” and in “floresta de Platô”, on small trees.

Distribution

North Brazil, Peru, Bolivia.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Western South America Bolivia
  • Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).
  • 3 Soares, Mde Lourdes Levantamento floristico do gênero Philodendron Schott (Araceae) da Reserva Florestal Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas. Unpubl. M.Sc. Dissertation. (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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