Philodendron pulchellum Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 132 (1905) 


Notes: Distribution: N. Brazil (Acre) to C. Peru

General Description

Epiphytic herb. Stem: apex green becoming straw-coloured in the mature parts, internodes 2-4 cm long. Prophyll 10.5 x 0.8 cm long, linear-lanceolate, colour unknown. LEAVES: Petiole 11-14.5 cm long. Leaf blade 28-30 x 10-11 cm, oblong, subcoriaceous, acuminate apex, base emarginate, primary lateral veins 3-5 per side, not very pronounced; posterior divisions absent. INFLORESCENCE: 1-3 per floral sympodium, peduncle 2.5-7 cm long. Spathe 10-13.5 x 3-3.3 cm, oblong, moderately constricted. Spadix 7-12.5 cm long; male zone 3-7 cm long; male sterile zone 0.7-1.5 cm long; female zone 2.5-4 cm long, green (colour according to the label). Flowers: stamens 0.7-1.5 x 0.4-1 mm; intermediate staminodes 1-2.5 x 0.7-1.5 mm; gynoecium 1-1.5 x 0.5-0.8 mm, ovoid, ovary with 6 locules, locules uniovulate, placentation basal. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries not seen.

Habitat

Epiphytic in tropical rain forest.

Distribution

Western Brazil and Peru.

Conservation

Data deficient (DD). Philodendron pulchellum is apparently an uncommon plant, known from only two collections so far. Further collections are needed to allow complete evaluation of this species.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Western South America Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
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WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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