Philodendron platypodum Gleason
  • Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 56: 11 (1929) 


Notes: Distribution: Guianas, N. Brazil

General Description

Hemiepiphytic plant, stem erect, fixed, exuding resin when cut, with free lateral branches from the erect apex, and flagellate branches, on the fixed branches the internodes are 7-16 cm long, ca. 1.1 cm in diameter, on the free branches, internodes are 2-3 cm long, ca. 0.7 cm in diameter, greyish, brownish. LEAVES: Petiole 5-20 cm long, with a geniculum at the apex, glossy adaxially, dull abaxially. Sheath open and spreading in the apical portion, closed at the base, reaching up to 2.5 cm wide. Leaf blade 19-38.5 cm long, 7-18 cm wide, oblong, subcoriaceous, rounded-truncate at the base, apex lightly apiculate, upper side dark green, with venation slightly impressed, lower side light green, semiglossy, primary lateral veins 7-9 on both sides, prominent. INFLORESCENCE: Solitary, terminal. Peduncle 1.5-2.7 cm long, 0.5 mm in diameter, smaller than the spathe, with lighter striations. Spathe 10-12 cm long; tube 4.7-7 cm long, 1.8-2.4 cm in diameter, externally apple-green, internally paler green, with dark brown resinous lines; blade 5-6 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, externally apple-green, internally paler green, with resinous lines. Spadix ca. 14 cm long, subsessile, decurrent; female zone 5.3 cm long, 1.9 cm in diameter; intermediate sterile male zone 0.9 cm long, 1.8 cm in diameter, cylindric; fertile male zone 7.8 cm long, 1.8 cm in diameter, cylindric, apex obtuse. Gynoecium 3.5-3.75 cm long; ovary 2.25-2.75 cm long; locules 4-6 per ovary; ovules 14-15 per locule, ca. 0.25 mm long, hemianatropous; placentation axile, with ovules inserted very near the base; style 0.5-0.75 mm long; stigma ca. 1.5-2 mm wide, discoid. INFRUCTESCENCE: Immature ca. 11 cm long, 2.3 cm in diameter, cylindric, yellowish cream.

Habitat

Material found in ”mata de baixio”, on sandy soil.

Distribution

French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Brazil (Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Pará).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Soares, Mde Lourdes Levantamento floristico do gênero Philodendron Schott (Araceae) da Reserva Florestal Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas. Unpubl. M.Sc. Dissertation. (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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