Philodendron pinnatifidum (Jacq.) Schott
  • Wiener Z. Kunst 3: 780 (1829) 


Notes: Distribution: Venezuela to N. Brazil

General Description

Stem thick, abbreviated, covered with old cataphylls. LEAVES strongly patent, petioles green and marked with linear or oblong blotches, subterete, the upper side 5-6 mm broadly canaliculate and 2-angled, 40-60 cm long, 2.5-3 cm thick at the base, attenuating upwards. Blades of the first rank of leaves ovate, entire or repand or lobed, later leaves pinnatipartite, coriaceous, rather glossy dark green on the upper side, paler underneath, outline triangular-ovate, 35-50 cm long, 30-45 cm wide, posterior lobes gradually passing over into the anterior; segments of the posterior lobes shorter, 4-5 alternating on each side of the anterior lobe, 15-25 cm long, 4-5 cm wide; the lower and middle segments more or less linear-lanceolate, rather obtuse, margin repand, separated by obtuse, deep sinuses; upper segments short, with a shortly apiculate end; midrib marked with dark spots and primary and secondary laterals semiterete, embedded above, below strongly prominentand pale green, posterior rib naked for almost 10 cm long in the sinus. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle short. Spathe tube green or eventually purple, oblong, 6-8 cm long; blade dark green, ovate-lanceolate, 7-9 cm long with a shortly acuminate apex. Spadix: female zone red, cylindroid, 4 cm long, male zone 10 cm long, somewhat thicker than the female zone. Pistils prismatic, 2-2.5 mm long, stigma 4-6-lobed, 4-6-locular. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries dirty pale brown, 3-4 mm long, usually 4-locular, locules 3-4-seeded.

Distribution

Venezuela.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
  • Introduced distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Northern South America Venezuela
Introduced into
  • Southern America Caribbean Cuba

  Bibliography

  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org/.
  • 5 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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