Philodendron niqueanum Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 493 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Panama (Darién)

General Description

Hemipiphytic; stem scandent when young, appressed-climbing when adult; internodes short, to 5 cm diam., (younger stems with internodes to 8 cm long, 1.5 cm diam., epidermis moderately smooth, dark reddish brown; cataphylls unribbed to weakly 1-ribbed, red, persisting more or less intact. LEAVES: Petioles (32)46--59 cm long, 6--8 mm diam., terete; blades ovate to broadly ovate, acuminate at apex, truncate to subcordate at base, (28)42--55.5 cm long, (14)25--28.5 cm wide (1.7--2 times longer than wide), (ca. 0.9 times the petiole length), about equal in length to petiole, upper surface weakly glossy, drying dark brown, lower surface paler, drying dark yellowish brown; anterior lobe (27)37--49.5 cm long, 25--28.5 cm wide (4.7--5.4(13.5) times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes (2)7--9 cm long, 9--12 cm wide, broadly rounded to obtuse; sinus more or less V-shaped, to 4 cm deep; midrib prominently raised, paler than surface above, raised below; basal veins 3 per side, with 0 free to base, some of the lowermost coalesced to ca. 1 cm; posterior rib never naked; primary lateral veins 5--9 per side, departing midrib at a 45--65(70º) angle, weakly arcuate to the margins, sunken above, raised below; minor veins obscurely visible, slightly raised on drying below, arising from the midrib only. INFLORESCENCES immature; peduncle 4 cm long; spathe green, 7 cm long; spadix immature.


Tropical Lower Montane wet forest.


Endemic to Panama, known only from the type locality on the Serranía de Pirre.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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