Philodendron musifolium Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 126 (1905) 

Notes: Distribution: Ecuador

General Description

Hemiepiphyte or terrestrial vine; stems ca. 2 m long; internodes 4–15 cm long, 1–4.3 cm diam., green to grayish green or gray, and semiglossy to glossy, flattened on one side; sap transparent; cataphylls to 15 cm long, medium green to green and sharply 2-ribbed, brittle, deciduous; LEAVES: petioles subterete to terete, 17.5–30.5 cm long, 0.5–1.6 cm diam., medium to dark green, spongy, semiglossy, obtusely flattened adaxially, sometimes dark short-lineate; blades oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, cuspidate at apex, weakly cordulate and sometimes tapered at base, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, 27–63.5 cm long, 5–15.5 (23.4) cm wide, 2.3 to 5.6 times longer than wide, sinus 0.3–3.5 (4.5) cm deep, bicolorous, dark green and semiglossy above, paler and glossy below, drying wrinkled and uneven, dark brown or reddish brown on upper surface, semiglossy and light brown or a pale reddish brown on lower, juvenile blades narrowly elliptic and obtuse to weakly truncate at base; midrib flat, sunken and concolorous above, semiglossy, narrowly raised and slightly paler green to purplish below, drying flat to broadly convex and darker on upper surface, somewhat convex and sometimes with an acute ridge on lower surface, pairs of primary lateral veins variable, ranging from 18–32 pairs, obscure above, weakly visible and darker below to very weakly visible on both surfaces; interprimary veins very numerous, weakly raised above, totally obscure to moderately distinct below. INFLORESCENCES 1–4 (5) per axil; peduncle green, faintly striate, 12.5–15 cm long, 5–10 mm diam., spathe 11–19 cm long, 0.8–1.5 cm diam., blade of spathe medium green or pale green outside, whitish within (post-anthesis); spathe tube dark violet-purple outside and inside; spadix cylindrical, enclosed within spathe; pistillate portion 7.0 cm long, 1.3 cm diam.; flowers green, staminate flowers yellow on upper portion of spadix 8.5 cm long, 0.8 cm diam., sterile staminate portion 8 mm long; young fruits green.


Lower Montane moist, Lower montane wet forest, Tropical wet forest and Premontane moist forest life zones. The species also occurs on deforested slopes among small patches of scrub.


Endemic to the western slopes of the Andes in Ecuador.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Ecuador


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard & Weber, D. Personal Communication 2. (2007).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(tm)
  • D See for Terms and conditions of use All Rights Reserved
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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