Philodendron muricatum Schott
  • Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 418 (1854) 

Notes: Distribution: N. South America to Brazil

General Description

Internodes of branchlets 5-6 cm long, 5-6 mm thick, verrucose-muricate [rough with short hard points]. LEAVES: Petiole terete, 10-13 cm long, 2-3 mm thick, sheathed at the base for barely 2 mm, verruculose throughout except the sheath. Blade oblong-cordate, 12-16 cm long, 10-12 cm wide; posterior lobes oblong-obtuse, sub-extrose, separated by a deep, acute sinus, 5-6 cm long, 4-5 cm wide; anterior lobe obtuse, apex very shortly apiculate, 10-12 cm long, 8-10 cm wide, 3 stronger primary lateral veins borne from the base on each side, joined together into short posterior ribs, only one costal vein emerging somewhat above the base. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle 5 cm long, sparsely verruculose. Spathe oblong-obtuse, 6-7 cm long, 2 cm thick. Spadix with a 4-5 mm long stipe, cylindroid, obtuse; female zone 1 cm long and equally thick; male zone 4-5 cm long, 7-8 mm thick. Pistils obovoid, 1.5-1.8 mm long, 4-locular.


N. South America, N. Brazil.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil West-Central
  • Northern South America Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela


  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).
  • 5 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
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  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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