Philodendron martianum Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 518 (1899) 

Notes: Distribution: E. & S. Brazil

General Description

Stem short, very thick, procumbent. LEAVES dense; petioles patent, up to 40 cm long, swollen, semi-terete, almost 3 cm tall, 2-2.5 cm at the base, 4.5-4 cm at halfway, barely 2-2.5 cm thick at the apex, deeply excavated halfway on the upper surface, basal sheath almost 10 cm long, strongly concave, margins bent inwards towards each other and covering over the hollow. Blade thickly coriaceous, glossy on the upper side, lanceolate or lanceolate-oblong, apex shortly acuminate, base obtuse or sub-truncate, 35-65 cm long, 14-20 cm wide; midrib semiterete, 1.5-2 cm thick at the base, soon disappearing towards the apex, and primary lateral veins slender, 6-10, ascending, joined near the cartilaginous margin barely thicker than secondary and tertiary veins. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle terete, 8-10 cm long, 1 cm thick. Spathe thickly coriaceous, boat-shaped, cuspidulate, 12-15 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, lower half externally green, internally from the base bright ('laete') purple green or yellow-green, above halfway whitish on both sides. Spadix: female zone 5-6 cm long, sterile male zone 2.5-3 cm long, fertile zone 6-7 cm long, 1 cm thick, long-cylindroid, obtuse. Pistils ovoid, 2 mm long, 7-8-locular, locules usually 4-ovulate. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries dirty yellow. Seeds elliptic, dirty yellowish, striate.


E. & S. Brazil.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Northeast
  • Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).
  • 3 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
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  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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