Philodendron maculatum K.Krause
  • H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenr., IV, 23Db: 64 (1913) 

Notes: Distribution: Peru to N. Brazil

General Description

Stem terete, moderately robust, upper internodes short. LEAVES: Petiole slender, terete, or somewhat flattened on the upper surface towards the apex, shortly sheathed at the base, 25 cm long, 8 mm thick in the lower part, attenuating upwards; Blade 40 cm long, 28 cm wide, thinly coriaceous, cordate-triangular-ovate, apex acuminate, posterior lobes broadly rounded, ca. 3 times shorter than the anterior lobe, separated by a wide obtuse sinus; Costal primary lateral veins ca. 10, spreading from the midrib at an obtuse angle, much stronger than the secondary and tertiary veins, several basal veins joined together into posterior ribs, long-denuded in the sinus. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle short, terete, 3-4 cm long, 6-7 mm thick. Spathe white, purple-spotted, ovate-oblong, apex shortly apiculate, slightly constricted halfway, 10-12 cm long, convolute, 2-2.2 cm in diameter. Spadix obliquely stipitate for almost 1 cm; female zone cylindric 4-4.5 cm long, 1-1.2 cm thick, male zone 5-5.5 cm long, somewhat thicker than the female zone, apex obtuse. Pistils subcylindric, ca. 2 mm long, 1.2 mm wide, stigma rounded. Male flowers 3-4-androus.


N. Brazil, Peru.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Western South America Peru


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).
  • 3 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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