Philodendron loefgrenii Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 126 (1905) 


Notes: Distribution: Brazil (São Paulo to Santa Catarina)

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic, epilithic, sometimes terrestrial vine. Stem: green apex becoming straw- coloured in the mature parts, internodes 1.5-4 cm long. Prophyll 9-31 x 0.8-3.5 cm, narrowly triangular, pale green to creamy green. LEAVES: Petiole 9-35 cm long. Leaf blade 16-40 x 6-19 cm, oblong to ovate to ovate-elliptic, base cordate, subcordate, base truncate to cuneate, apex acute to acuminate, chartaceous to sub-coriaceus; anterior division 15-30 x 6-19 cm, primary lateral veins 0-2, not poorly differentiated; posterior divisions 2-8 x 3-6.5 cm or absent; basal veins absent. INFLORESCENCE: 1 per floral sympodium; peduncle 2-5 cm long. Spathe 12-19 x 2-5 cm, ovate to boat-shaped, weakly constricted, frequently with acuminate apex, white outside and inside. Spadix 10-16 cm long, male zone 3.8-6 cm long, intermediate male sterile zone 0.4-1 cm long; apical male sterile zone 3-6.5 cm long; female zone 3-4 cm long Flowers: stamens 1-2 x 0.8-1.5 mm; intermediate staminodes 1.5-2.5 x 1.5-1.8 mm; apical staminodes 1.2-2.4 x 1-1.5 mm; gynoecium 1.8-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, ovoid, ovary 7-9-locular, ovules 4-5 per locule.

Habitat

Hemi-epiphytic, terrestrial or sometimes epilithic in tropical forest, with great ecological amplitude, occurring in humid and shaded areas but also in drier places, like Araucaria angustifolia stands or forest margins.

Distribution

Southeastern and Southern Brazil.

Conservation

Least Concern (LC). With a wide distribution in Southeastern and Southern Brazil, this species is not particularly threatened. Several populations occur within protected areas in São Paulo, in the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar and Estação Ecológica da Boracéia and in Paraná, the Reserva da Biosfera da Mata Atlântica.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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