Philodendron linnaei Kunth
  • Enum. Pl. 3: 47 (1841) 


Notes: Distribution: S. Trop. America

General Description

Appressed hemiepiphytic climber to 10 m or more, forming a series of several to many rosettes of tightly grouped leaves at intervals on interconnecting and often leafless stems, 30-60 cm apart, the uppermost a flagelliform branch arising from the middle of the rosette; sap yellow; internodes short, 1.0 to 2.5 cm diam., alternating with a series of longer internodes or climbing elongated stems, on rosette plants (less than 1 cm diam. in juvenile stage), dark olive-green, semiglossy with darker short lineations, sometimes somewhat flattened; cataphylls short, unribbed, semiglossy, light green to dark brown, short-red-lineate, persisting intact initially, then deciduous; LEAVES: Petioles 5–14 cm long, (3)7–15 mm diam., subterete, obtusely and narrowly sulcate to obtusely D-shaped, obtusely flattened or sunken adaxially, medium green, sometimes yellowish abaxially, matte; blades oblanceolate to oblong elliptic, (40–91 cm long, 9–17 cm wide, when mature), 3.7–5.9 times longer than wide, strongly to weakly apiculate at apex, narrowly cuneate at base, moderately coriaceous, moderately bicolorous, dark green above and semiglossy, moderately paler, weakly glossy, and may be tinged purplish below, usually drying grey-green to light green above and paler green below, or sometimes a pale brown overall; midrib bluntly- or convex-flattened and concolorous above, drying to a light green or tan above, and usually a pale brown below, medially sulcate toward base above, obtusely angular or thicker and narrowly rounded or convex and paler below, weakly short-lineate, may be tinged purple medially at base; primary lateral veins lacking; minor veins moderately distinct to moderately obscure, becoming very distinct on drying, very numerous, fine and closely spaced; cross-veins weakly visible; INFLORESCENCE 1 per axil; peduncle long, (3) 8–24 cm in length, often longer than spathe, green and curved at apex; spathe 8–13 (16) cm long, constricted above the tube; stiffly erect at anthesis; tube 3.5–6 cm long, red-marron to purple or dark-violet purple outside, pinkish inside, but turning red to dark violet-purple; blade 4–7.5 cm long, ca 5 cm wide when open, creamy white with pink or reddish spots or blotches outside, cream white inside; spadix protruding forward somewhat out of the spathe at anthesis, staminate portion white to cream colored, 4-6.5 cm long, sterile area 0.7–2.7 cm long; pistillate portion yellowish with orange dots, 2.5–6 cm long.

Habitat

Within its range, the species is considered as an abuandant epiphyte in the forest understory. It is also a common component of vegetation present along roadsides.

Distribution

Widespread in the northern Amazon basin, ranging from Venezuela to Surinam and French Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Northern South America French Guiana
  • Guyana
  • Suriname
  • Venezuela
  • Western South America Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Croat, T.Bernard & Weber, D. Personal Communication 2. (2007).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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