Philodendron lingulatum (L.) K.Koch
  • Index Seminum (B) 1855(App.): 2 (1855) 

Notes: Distribution: Caribbean

General Description

Appressed-climbing on tree trunks, to at least 15 m. Internodes 1.0-6.9 (-18.5) cm long, (0.3-) 0.5-2.5 cm wide, dark olive-green, weakly glossy, obtusely sulcate on one side, drying yellowish brown to dark brown, coarsely sulcate, the epidermis excoriating; roots present at distal nodes, to ca, 2 mm thick. LEAVES: Petiole (9.7-) 12.4-48.0 cm long, P/L= (0.74-) 0.85-1.16 (-1.41), heavily dark lineate-streaked, sheathed (69-) 83-94 (-96)%, the sheath involute (on juvenile plants) to horizontally spreading, recurred and densely lineate near margins, the free portion prolonged apically to ca. 0.9 cm; unsheathed portion of petiole (0.8-) 1.1-7.2 cm long, D-shaped, sulcate above, the margins obtuse to moderately sharP. Lamina 13,3-42.7 cm long, 6.9-28.4 cm wide, L/W=(1.12-) 1.4-2.09 (-2.27), IQI=0-4 (-6), thinly coriaceous to subcoriaceous, semiglossy both sides, virtually concolorous, broadly elliptic to narrowly or broadly ovate (broadest at or below the middle), acute to abruptly acuminate apically [the acumen 0.7-1.8 (-2.4) cm long], broadly cuneate to truncate (on smaller leaves) or, more usually, subcordate to cordate basally with the sinus 0.6- 1.4 cm deep; midrib flat above, convex and ± paler below; primary lateral veins (5-) 6-9 (-10) per side, (0.4-) 2.2-5.4 (-7.5) cm apart, weakly sunken above, convex and paler below; minor veins visible below and darker; abaxial laminar surface drying moderately and uniformly granular, the reticulate veins usually weakly or not visible; white stitching and resin canals usually visible; adaxial surface moderately to obscurely granular, the reticulate veins obscure at best; white stitching and resin canals sometimes visible, though not typically. INFLORESCENCES solitary or occasionally paired; cataphylls 6.9-17.9 cm long, 0.4-1.6 cm wide, lanceolate, sharply 2-keeled; peduncle (2.7-) 3.7-7.4 (-13.0) cm long, P/S=0.31-0.85, obscured by sheath; spathe at anthesis 10.0-23.5 cm long, 2.9-5.3 cm wide, externally dark green on tube, medium green on blade and margins of tube, pale green to white within; spathe drying moderately and uniformly granular and short-white-lineolate externally, internally densely and conspicuously white-granular, with longitudinal secretory striations to at least 6/7 to apex; acumen of spathe 1.0-2.5 cm long. Stipe of spadix ca. 0.7-1.7 cm long; spadix 8.7-21.2 cm long, the fertile male portion 0.9-1.7 cm wide, creamy-white, deleted slightly forward at anthesis; sterile male zone 0.6-1.3 cm long; female portion of spadix 2.1-4.7 cm long, F/S=0.17-0.31, 1.5-2.1 cm wide, pale green; fertile male flowers 1.8-2.4 mm long, 0.6-1,5 mm wide, irregularly polygonal, columnar; sterile male flowers 1.6-4.0 mm long, 1.3-2.4 mm wide, climate; female flowers 2.3-4.0 mm long, 0.7-1.1 mm wide, the style with conspicuous raphides. INFRUCTESCENCES: Ripe fruits unknown. Seeds unknown.


rain-forest,'' or forêt hygrophytique caraïbe'' (Stehlé 1946).


Endemic to the West indies, from the eastern Greater Antilles (Hispaniola, Puerto Rico) and the Virgin Islands through the Leeward and Windward chains of the Lesser Antilles to St. Vincent and (possibly) Barbados.


According to Questel (1951), the filiform roots of P. lingulatum are employed on Guadeloupe for cordage, wickerwork, and basketry. Duss (1897) reported that woodsmen in Guadeloupe use the sap from the roots and stems to cleanse wounds.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Caribbean Dominican Republic
  • Leeward Is.
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • Puerto Rico
  • Windward Is.


  • 1 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • 2 Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Grayum, M.Howard Revision of Philodendron subgenus Pteromischum (Araceae) for Pacific and Caribbean Tropical America. Systematic Botany Monographs. 47, (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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