Philodendron lazorii Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 476 (1997) 


Notes: Distribution: Panama

General Description

Hemiepiphytic; stem appressed-climbing (scandent as juvenile); internodes weakly striate, 1--4 cm long, 5 cm diam., more or less broader than long, light olive-green to dark yellow-green, glossy, roots 1--3 per node, dark brown to reddish brown, matte, smooth to densely scaly, to 30 cm or longer, 3--5 mm diam., feeder roots to 8 mm diam., densely scaly; cataphylls 17--19 cm long, pale yellow-green, sharply D-shaped, margins acutely raised, persisting semi-intact at upper nodes with a dense reticulum of coarse fibers, often overlain with a thin, fragmented epidermis, becoming dilacerated, eventually deciduous. LEAVES: Petioles 37--63(76) cm long, 5--6 mm diam., terete, dark green, firm, flexible, surface matte, faintly dark green striate; blades broadly ovate, subcoriaceous, long-acuminate at apex, cordate at base, 32--54 cm long, (22)34--49 cm wide (0.97--1.4 times longer than wide, averaging 1.13 times), (0.65--0.9 times the petiole length), slightly shorter in length than petiole, upper surface dark green, drying gray-green, weakly to semiglossy, lower surface drying gray-green, matte, much paler; anterior lobe 27--33 cm long, 36 cm wide (1.6--2.2 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 13--17 cm long, 16--19.5 cm wide, obtuse; sinus hippocrepiform to obovate, 9.5--11.5 cm deep; midrib flat to broadly raised, concolorous to slightly paler than surface above, narrow-rounded to bluntly acute, darker than surface below; basal veins (5)6--7 per side, with 0--1 free to base, 3rd and higher order veins coalesced 2--4.5 cm, obscure; posterior rib 2--3 cm long along the sinus; primary lateral veins 3--4 per side, departing midrib at a 40--50 then to 70º angle, straight to weakly arcuate to the margins, weakly and obtusely sunken and concolorous or paler above, convex and darker than surface below; minor veins moderately distinct, arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins, drying weakly puckered and darker than surface below, upper surface usually drying with whitish cells visible, lower surface drying smooth and minutely brownish to whitish speckled. INFLORESCENCES 2 per axil; peduncle 8.6--17 cm long, to 1.1 cm diam., medium green, lightly white-striate, heavily white-striate nearest apex; spathe 12--13.5 cm long, (spathe equal in length to or slightly shorter than peduncle), constricted above the tube, 2.9 cm diam. at constriction, margins pale to creamy; spathe blade yellowish green outside, 8 cm long, (opening 4 cm wide), creamy on outer margins, glossy inside; spathe tube medium green, finely white-striate with pale margins outside, 5 cm long, 3.3 cm diam., pale yellowish green, glossy inside; spadix bluntly pointed at apex, 10.9--11.3 cm long, constricted 1.5 cm above base of fertile staminate portion; pistillate portion pale yellowish green, 3.3--4 cm long, 1 cm diam. at base, 1.5 cm diam. midway, 1.4 cm diam. at apex; staminate portion 7.8--9.3 cm long; fertile staminate portion creamy white, 1.7 cm diam. at middle, 11 mm diam. ca. 1 cm from apex; sterile staminate portion barely detectable, creamy white, drying darker than fertile staminate flowers, 1.7 cm diam.; pistils 1.9--2.5 mm long; ovary (4)5--6-locular, 1.1 mm diam., locules 1.1--1.6 mm long, 0.3--0.4 mm diam., with axile placentation; ovules 10--14(18) per locule, 2-seriate, 0.3 mm long, longer than funicle; funicle 0.1--0.2 mm long, adnate to lower part of partition, style 0.9 mm diam., similar to style type D; style apex more or less rounded to bluntly pointed; style boss broad and pronounced; stigma subdiscoid, unlobed, more or less truncate, 1.5 mm diam., 0.3 mm high, covering entire style apex, depressed shallowly and medially; the androecium truncate, prismatic, oblong, margins irregularly 4--6-sided, 0.7--1 mm long; thecae oblong, 0.4--0.5 mm wide, not contiguous, more or less parallel to one another; sterile staminate flowers irregularly 4--6-sided, slightly clavate to prismatic, 1.2--1.9 mm long. JUVENILE plants with internodes matte, gray-green, 6 cm long, 7 mm diam.; petioles terete; blades weakly velvety; upper surface more or less glistening-glossy, lower surface matte, much paler, with flecks of brilliance; minor veins very distinct, darker than surface.

Habitat

Tropical moist forest and Premontane wet forest.

Distribution

Endemic to Panama, known from the type locality, a region of limestone outcrops near Madden Lake, at about 100 m elevation in Tropical moist forest, and in Darién Province at 250 to 1050 m in Tropical moist forest and Premontane wet forest.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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