Philodendron hammelii Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 454 (1997) 


Notes: Distribution: Panama (Coclé)

General Description

Terrestrial; internodes 1--1.5 cm long, 8--12 mm diam., drying yellow-brown, semiglossy, conspicuously ridged; roots drying reddish brown to brown, slender, numerous per node; cataphylls to 11.5 cm long, 1-ribbed, drying yellowish brown, thin, smooth (not scaly), persisting as a thin, pale reticulum of branched tan fibers; LEAVES: Petioles 31--32 cm long, 2--3 mm diam., subterete, drying weakly glossy, smooth or at most, weakly granular, surface densely covered with broad pale scales near apex, the scales closed and overlapping, mostly less than three times longer than broad; blades ovate-cordate, subcoriaceous, shortly acuminate at apex, cordate at base, 21--22 cm long, 13--16 cm wide (1.4--1.5 times longer than wide), (0.66--0.67 as long as petiole), upper surface dark green, subvelvety and glistening, drying grayish green, lower surface much paler, semiglossy, drying yellowish brown and moderately glossy; anterior lobe 15--16.7 cm long, 15.3 cm wide (2.2--2.6 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 6.5--6.7 cm long, 7 cm wide, rounded; sinus obovate to narrow hippocrepiform and closed; midrib drying sunken and concolorous above, convex, matte below; basal veins 6 per side, with 2 free to base, third and higher order veins coalesced 1 cm, sunken above, convex below; posterior rib not naked; primary lateral veins 3 per side, departing midrib at a 40--45º angle, quilted-sunken above, round-raised or raised, darker below; minor veins distinct, arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins; "cross-veins" prominently raised upon drying. INFLORESCENCES probably 1 per axil; peduncle 4.5 cm long, 4 mm diam., more or less terete, glabrous; spathe 11 cm long, (2.4 times longer than peduncle), green, drying dark reddish brown; spadix sessile; 9.5--10.5 cm long; pistillate portion 3 cm long, 1 cm diam.; staminate portion 6.5--7.5 cm long, 1--1.5 cm diam.; pistils 1.5 mm long, 1.9 mm diam.; ovary 6-locular, 1.2 mm diam., locules 1 mm long, 0.3 mm diam., ovule sac 0.1--0.2 mm long, with axile placentation; ovules ca. 14 per locule, 2-seriate, contained within small, cloudy, gelatinous ovule sac, 0.1--0.2 mm long, longer than funicle; funicle to 0.1 mm long, adnate to lower part of partition, style similar to style type B; style apex flat; stigma hemispheroid, lobed, 1 mm diam., 0.3--0.4 mm high, covering entire style apex, depressed shallowly at center; the androecium truncate, more or less prismatic, margins irregularly 4--5-sided, ca. 1 mm long; sterile staminate flowers irregularly 4--5-sided, 1.6--2.1 mm long.

Habitat

Premontane rain forest.

Distribution

Endemic to Panama, known only from the type in Coclé Province.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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