Philodendron fragile Nadruz & Mayo
  • Bol. Bot. Univ. São Paulo 17: 52 (1998) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem apex pale green becoming greenish-grey in the mature parts, internodes 1-5 cm long. Prophyll 20 x 5 cm, triangular, pale cream. LEAVES: Petiole 17-27 cm long. Leaf blade 15-37 x 9-24 cm, ovate to triangular, apex acute, base subcordate, distinctly paler on lower surface, chartaceous; anterior division 18-25 x 9-24 cm, 4-5 primary veins per side, interprimary veins evident; posterior divisions 1.7-4 x 11-15.5 cm, acroscopic veins 0-2, basioscopic veins 0-2. INFLORESCENCE: 1-2 per floral sympodium. Spathe c. 11.5 cm long, ovate, slightly constricted, outside greenish, cream on the blade and greenish within the tube, inside greenish-cream becoming pinkish-red towards to the base. Spadix 8.5-13 cm long, male zone 4-5 cm long, cream; male sterile zone 0.6-1.6 cm long, white; female zone 3.5-4.5 cm long, pale green. Flowers: stamens 1.5-2.5 x 1-2 mm, intermediate staminodes 1.5-3 x 1.5-2.5 cm, gynoecium 1.5-2 x 1-1.6 mm, green to pale green; ovary 7-9-locular, ovules 3-5 per locule, placentation sub-basal. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries not seen.


Hemi-epiphytic, growing in humid, shaded places in Atlantic Forest, rare in the type locality.


Endemic to the Ecological Reserve of Macaé of Cima in Rio de Janeiro.


Critically Endangered (CR), B1, a, b (i, iii); extent of occurence < 100 km2. Only known from the type locality, where it was studied by the first author, a few subpopulations of this taxon are protected within the Reserva Ecológica de Macaé de Cima.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Giulietti & al. (2009). Plantas raras do Brasil: 1-496. Conservação International, Belo Horizonte, MG.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.