Philodendron findens Croat & Grayum
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 440 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Costa Rica to Panama

General Description

Usually hemiepiphytic, rarely terrestrial on steep banks; stem appressed-climbing, medium green, glossy, sap watery, spicy-scented, leaf scars conspicuous, 3.5--4 cm long, 5 cm wide; internodes short, thick, semiglossy, 4--9 cm long, 2--4 cm diam., longer than broad, dark olive-green, epidermis cracking, yellowish, fissured longitudinally and transversely; roots moderately few per node, drying dark brown, semiglossy, acutely ridged; cataphylls thin, fleshy, somewhat spongy, to 35 cm long, sharply 2-ribbed (ribs 2--3 mm high), D-shaped, thicker than broad, medium green, light or pale yellow-green towards margins, semiglossy, broadly sulcate abaxially, persisting semi-intact at upper nodes, becoming fibrous and eventually deciduous, blunt to acute at apex, margins weakly raised adaxially; LEAVES: petioles (25)43--119 cm long, 0.6--35(45) cm diam., sharply D-shaped, with a thin, erect marginal wing, the wing undulate toward apex, surface densely light striate near base; blades large ovate-cordate, subcoriaceous, strongly bicolorous, short acuminate at apex, cordate at base, (25)40--76 cm long, (20.5)28--70 cm wide (1.1--1.5 times longer than wide), (0.6--1.1 times longer than petiole), margins usually promptly splitting into segments by dividing between the primary lateral veins, making blades appear almost pinnate, upper surface dark green, semiglossy, drying blackened to dark reddish brown, nearly matte, lower surface semiglossy to matte, paler; anterior lobe 18--57.5 cm long, 15.5--55(79) cm wide (2.2--3.2 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes (7.2)11.5--32 cm long, 8.6--28(37.5) cm wide, obtuse to rounded; sinus more or less parabolic; midrib weakly to deeply sunken, paler than surface above, convex, weakly striate, slightly paler than surface below; basal veins 5--12 per side, with 0--1(2-3) free to base, in part coalesced 5--10 cm; posterior rib naked for 1--7 cm; primary lateral veins 5--7 per side, departing midrib at a 40--50E angle, deeply sunken and paler than surface above, convex, usually concolorous below; interprimary veins visible, few near apex above and below; tertiary veins visible, darker than surface below; minor veins weakly raised and darker than surface, arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins; secretory canals obscurely visible. INFLORESCENCES erect, 2 per axil; peduncle 4--12(15) cm long, 0.3--1.4 cm diam., pale to medium green, prominently, densely white-streaked; spathe 13--22.8 cm long, (1.4--2.4 times longer than peduncle), constricted midway slightly above the tube; spathe blade medium to pale green outside, greenish white inside; spathe tube oblong-ellipsoid, green, densely and minutely lineate-speckled outside, 7--9 cm long, red (B & K red-purple 4/10, 2/10) inside, spadix sessile, tapered, 13--23 cm long, broadest just below the middle; pistillate portion gray-white, tapered toward the apex, slightly curved, 4--8.5 cm long, 1.4--2.1 cm diam. at apex, 1.6 cm diam. at middle, 1.9 cm wide at base; staminate portion 14.3--17.5 cm long; fertile staminate portion creamy white, tapered, 1.8--2 cm diam. at base, 1.3 cm diam. at middle, 9 mm diam. ca. 1 cm from apex, broadest at base, narrower than the pistillate portion, narrower than the sterile portion; sterile staminate portion broader than the pistillate portion, 1.6 cm diam.; pistils (3)7.7--8.4 mm long, 2--2.5 mm diam.; ovary 5--6-locular, locules (1.6)5.8--6.1 mm long, with axile placentation; ovules 15--20(22) per locule, 2-seriate, 0.3--0.5 mm long, longer than funicle, style similar to style type B; style apex rounded; stigma subdiscoid to discoid, more or less lobed, 1.2--2 mm diam., 0.1--0.5 mm high, covering entire style apex; the androecium truncate, 4--6-sided; thecae oblong, 0.5 mm wide, contiguous; sterile staminate flowers blunt, 3.1 mm long, 1.2 mm wide. INFRUCTESCENCE 12 cm long, 3.7 cm diam., 19.5 cm long; stipe 4.5 cm diam.; berries irregularly quadrangular to bluntly 4--5-sided, with a kiwi fruit-scent, 3.5--4.2 mm diam.; seeds 1--2 per locule, ca. 17 per berry, somewhat flattened, 1.5--2.2 mm long, 0.3--0.4 mm diam., translucent and with fine striations. JUVENILE stems dark green to yellow-brown, semi-glossy to glossy, 2.4 cm long, 5 mm diam.; blades thin, entire. PRE-ADULT petioles broadly convex adaxially, the margins spreading winged, incurled, erect; blades moderately bicolorous.


Mostly Tropical wet forest and Premontane rain forest but also in Premontane wet forest.


Ranges from Costa Rica to Panama on the Atlantic slope. It probably also occurs in Colombia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Costa Rica
  • Panamá


  • 1 Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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