Philodendron escuintlense Matuda
  • Madroño 10: 51 (1949) 


Notes: Distribution: Mexico

General Description

Robust terrestrial plants, colonial, the stems to at least 3 m long, horizontal in proximal part and supported by nodal prop-roots. Internodes 1.8-5.7+ cm long, 0.8-2.0 cm wide, medium green to gray-green, moderately glossy, drying amber- yellowish and sulcate; stems with whitish pubescent prop-roots to at least 1.2 m long and 3.5 mm thick. LEAVES: Petiole 37.6-75.7 cm long, P/L= (1.21-) 1.44-1.77 (-2.17), semiglossy, sheathed (54-) 57-73% , the sheath appearing erect on dried specimens, adnate distally or with the free portion prolonged by 1.0-2.0 (-4.0) mm; unsheathed portion of petiole 11.8-29.3 cm long, subterete. Lamina 21.4-45.9 cm long, 17.1-30.5 cm wide, L/W=(1.21-) 1,28-1.60 (-1.71), IQ1=0-3 (-4), thinly coriaceous to subcoriaceous, weakly glossy to semiglossy above, matte below, at least moderately bicolored, ovate (widest below the middle), 2: broadly short- to long-acuminate apically (the acumen 1.2-20.0 mm long), subtruncate to cordate basally with the sinus ca. 0.3-3.5 cm deep; midrib in life flat and slightly paler above, convex below; primary lateral veins 13-19 per side, (0.1-) 1.0-3.8 cm apart, sunken above, convex below, a few interprimaries visible; minor veins ± obscure below; abaxial laminar surface drying slightly to heavily granular (especially toward margins), the reticulate veins few and obscure; no white stitching visible; resin canals occasional; adaxial surface somewhat to heavily granular, otherwise relatively featureless. INFLORESCENCES always solitary; cataphylls of regular occurrence, 13.2-14.4 cm long, 0.4-1.2 cm wide, broad to involute; peduncle (6.4-) 8.5-12.0 (-16.5) cm long, P/S=0.61-0.80 (-0.99); spathe at anthesis 13.2-19.5 cm long, ca. 2.2 cm wide, "blanca" (Wendt et at. 4407); spathe drying densely and minutely granular and irregularly "lenticellate'' externally, internally densely and minutely granular with longitudinal secretory striations to ca. 3/4 or more to apex; acumen of spathe 0.2-1.4 cm long. Stipe of spadix to ca. 1.0 cm long, adnate to spathe; spadix 11.8-17.1 cm long, the fertile male portion 0.6-0,9 cm wide, white; sterile male zone 0.6-1.0 cm long; female portion of spadix 4.5-7.2 cm long, F/S=0.33-0.45, (0,8-) 1.0-1.1 cm wide, pale green; fertile male flowers 0.8-2.0 mm long, 0.7-1.3 mm wide, irregularly polygonal, often butterfly-shaped, columnar and ridged; sterile male flowers 0.8-1.5 mm long, 0.8-1.7 mm wide, anvil-shaped, substipitate; female flowers 1.6-2.2 (-2.7) mm long, 0.5-0.7 (-1.1) mm wide, the stylar canals 4 (-5?). INFRUCTESCENCE: Ripe fruits unknown. Seeds unknown.

Habitat

selva alta perennifolia'' (Croat & Hannon 63348, Wendt et al. 4407). http://www.cate-araceae.org/reference/5eeac05c-6bfb-1014-a918-dc439151c9e5,

Distribution

Mexico, on the Pacific slope of the Sierra de Soconusco in Chiapas and in the Uxpanapa region of Veracruz and adjacent Oaxaca.

Uses

According to the label of the type collection, this species provides "very fine mimbre.'' Matuda (1949) further specified the long, adventitious prop-roots as the source of this product.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Gulf
  • Mexico Southeast
  • Mexico Southwest

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Grayum, M.Howard Revision of Philodendron subgenus Pteromischum (Araceae) for Pacific and Caribbean Tropical America. Systematic Botany Monographs. 47, (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • C See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.