Philodendron elaphoglossoides Schott
  • Syn. Aroid.: 80 (1856) 


Notes: Distribution: N. Brazil to Peru

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic scandent plant. Roots produced from the nodes; internodes 3-10 cm long, 0.3-0.5 cm in diameter, transversely rugose, dull brown. LEAVES: Prophyll 5-10 cm long, marcescent and persistent, membranous, brown-grey-brown, with lighter striations, with cataphylls in between sympodial leaves and inflorescences. Petiole 2-4 cm long, 0.2-0.3 cm in diameter, green, with darker striations, with a geniculum at the apex flattened on the adaxial side, rounded abaxially; sheath short or nearly absent. Leaf blade 8-25 cm long, 2-5.2 cm wide, oblanceolate, apex acuminate, obtuse at the base, upper surface dark green, semiglossy, lower surface light green, dull, with resin lines evident; midrib slightly sulcate and impressed on the upper surface, prominent on the lower surface, interprimary veins present. INFLORESCENCE solitary. Peduncle 0.7-2.5 cm long, slender in life as much as when dry. Spathe 5-7 cm long, oblong; tube 3-3.5 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, swollen, externally light green, internally light green; blade 2-3.5 cm long, 0.7-1.6 cm in diameter, externally light green, not glossy. Spadix 6.5 cm long, slightly stipitate; female zone 2 cm long, 1.3 cm in diameter; intermediate sterile male zone 1 cm long, 1.4 cm in diameter, wider towards the apex; fertile male zone 3.5 cm long, 1.3 cm in diameter, apex obtuse. Flowers: Stamens 3-4 per flower, 1.5 mm long, 0.75 mm wide. Staminodes 2 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, narrowing towards the base. Gynoecia: 2.2-2.5 mm long; ovary 2 mm long, 1.5 mm wide; locules 4-6 per ovary, full of a transparent mucilaginous substance; ovules ca. 18-20 per locule, 0.85 mm long, funicle with trichomes; placentation axile, biseriate, ovules inserted near the base; style ca. 0.5 mm long; stigma 1.5-2 mm wide, discoid. INFRUCTESCENCE: 4-5 cm long, 2-2.3 cm in diameter; berry 0.3-0.6 mm long, 4-5 mm in diameter, orange; seed 1.25 mm long, 0.4 mm in diameter, subglobose.

Distribution

Brazil (Amazonas), Peru and Colombia.Brazil (Amazonas), Peru and Colombia.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Western South America Peru

  Bibliography

  • 1 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Soares, Mde Lourdes Levantamento floristico do gênero Philodendron Schott (Araceae) da Reserva Florestal Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas. Unpubl. M.Sc. Dissertation. (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.