Philodendron curvilobum Schott
  • Syn. Aroid.: 102 (1856) 


Notes: Distribution: SE. Brazil

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem: apex green becoming brown when mature, internodes 2-3 cm long. Prophyll 15-21 x 0.8-1.2 cm, narrowly triangular, pale green becoming brownish when old. LEAVES: Petiole 26-35 cm long, green with vinaceous base. Leaf blade 23.5-34 x 14.5-19 cm, ovate to oblong, apex long-cuspidate, base hastate to subcordate, distinctly paler on lower surface, chartaceous; anterior division 22-28.5 x 14.5-19.5 cm, primary lateral veins 3-5 per side; posterior divisions 6-7 x 9.5 cm, acroscopic veins 1-2 per side, basioscopic veins 1-3 per side; basal veins 2-5 per side, with none or rarely 1 free to base; posterior rib naked for 2-4 cm. INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescence: 1 per floral sympodium; peduncle 5-6.5 cm long, green with vinaceous striations. Spathe 8-12 x 3-4 cm, ovate, constricted. Spadix 8-8.5 cm long; male zone 4.5 cm long; male sterile zone 0.5-0.8 cm long; female zone 2.2-2.5 cm long, pale green. Flowers: stamens 0.7-1.2 x 0.5-1 mm; intermediate staminodes 1.3-2 x 1.2-1.5 mm; gynoecium 1,5-2 x 0.7-1 mm, ovoid, ovary 7-12-locular, ovules 3-4 per locule, placentation sub-basal. INFLORESCENCE: Berries not seen.

Habitat

Hemi-epiphytic in the Atlantic forest.

Distribution

Southeastern Brazil, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states.

Conservation

Near Threatened (NT), this species is scattered along a narrow strip of land near the coast, and such forests are under constant threat from land development. The populations in Rio de Janeiro are protected within the Parque Nacional da Serra da Tijuca.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Almeida, V.R., Temponi, L.G. & Forzza, R.C. (2005). Araceae da Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas gerais, Brasil. Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 56: 127-144.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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