Philodendron cuneatum Engl.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 281 (1885) 

Notes: Distribution: Colombia to N. Peru

General Description

Hemiepiphytic plant, fertile portion of the stem short with rosulate leaves. Roots clasping when young, internodes short, 1-2 cm long, ca. 1.8 cm in diameter, covered by prophyll remains. LEAF: Prophyll whitish green, soon marcescent, membranous, persistent. Petiole 17-48 cm long, 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter, sub-cylindric, yellowish-green, with a distinct geniculum and paler at the apex, flat on the adaxial side to slightly sulcate with rounded margins, rounded abaxially. Leaf blade 59-80 cm long, 13-18 cm wide, oblanceolate, coriaceous, asymmetric towards the base, base truncate to obovate, apex acuminate, upper surface dark green, glossy, lower surface pale green, dull; primary lateral veins 7-11 on both side, impressed on the upper surface and prominent on the lower surface. INFLORESCENCE 2-3 per floral sympodium. Peduncle 3-9 cm long, 0.5-0.9 cm in diameter, pale green. Spathe 9-14.5 cm long, slightly constricted; tube 3-6.5 cm long, 3-4.4 cm in diameter, external surface pale green, extra floral nectaries absent, internal surface whitish, glossy. Blade 6-9 cm long, 2 cm in diameter, external surface pale green, internal surface whitish, glossy. Spadix ca. 8,9 cm long, subsessile; female zone 1.3 cm long, 1.4 cm in diameter, wider at the base; male fertile zone 6.1 cm long, 1.2 cm in diameter, subcylindric, apex acute. Flowers: stamens 3-5 per flower, 1.5 mm long, 1 mm in diameter; Staminodes 2.5 mm long, 1.7 mm in diameter, considerably narrowed towards the base. Gynoecia 2.2-2.5 mm long, subcylindric; ovary 1.5 mm long, 1.25 mm in diameter, narrowed towards the base; locules 6-8 per ovary, absence of mucilaginous substance; ovules 32-40 per locule, hemianatropous, placentation axile; style 0.7-1 mm long, 1.25 mm in diameter, lobed; stigma 1 mm wide, discoid. INFRUCTESCENCE: 5-9 cm long; berry 0.7-0.9 cm long, 0.3-0.5 cm in diameter, yellowish-orange, cylindric to subglobose; seeds 1-1.25 mm long, 0.25 mm in diameter.


Plant found both in "mata de baixio" and in "floresta platô".


Brazil (Acre, Amazonas), Colombia.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Peru


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Soares, Mde Lourdes Levantamento floristico do gênero Philodendron Schott (Araceae) da Reserva Florestal Ducke, Manaus, Amazonas. Unpubl. M.Sc. Dissertation. (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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