Philodendron cruentum Poepp.
  • E.F.Poeppig & S.L.Endlicher, Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 86 (1845) 

Notes: Distribution: Peru

General Description

Stem short. LEAVES: Petiole semiterete, flattened on upper surface, 15-20 cm long, narrowly winged, base strongly thickened and sheathed. Blade rigid, subcoriaceous, elongate-elliptic-oblong, apex shortly cuspidate, narrowing somewhat gradually or somewhat suddenly towards the base, somewhat unequal, 30-40 cm long, 8-10 cm wide. Midrib rather broad at base, strongly attenuate upwards, with very numerous, very dense lateral veins, all subequal, ascending at a ca. 45º angle. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncles paired, coming from the same axil, 3-4 cm long. Spathe ca. 15 cm long, white outside, inside beautifully blood-red, tube ovoid, 5-6 cm long, blade almost 10 cm long with a narrow, slender cuspid, 7-8 mm long. Spadix subsessile, cylindroid, female zone shorter than male zone. Pistil 4-locular, locules 2-ovulate.


Near Cuchero, at the meeting of the Rio Chinchao and Huallaga, Peru.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Peru


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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