Philodendron crassum Rendle
  • J. Bot. 39: 277 (1901) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)

General Description

Stem short, thick, procumbent. LEAVES: Petiole dense, very thick, swollen, subterete in shape but somewhat concave above with sharp short margins, 20-23 cm long, up to 4.2 cm thick, attenuate upwards, blade 1.6 cm thick in lower part; blade coriaceous, glossy on upper side, elliptic-ovate or subelliptic, apex apiculate, 30-36 cm long, 15-17 cm wide somewhat below halfway, all lateral veins subequal, numerous, dense, ascending towards the margin, spreading at an obtuse angle from the midrib which is moderately wide at the base, quickly disappearing towards the top. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle half the length of the spathe or overtopping. Spathe purple inside at the base, whitish above, suboblong-obtuse, 13 cm long, 4 cm wide. Spadix cylindrical, equal in length to the spathe, female zone 4 cm long, male zone 7.5 cm long, with sterile zone measuring 2.5 cm. Pistil 2 mm long, stigma broadly capitate, many locular. Locules with few ovules. Stamens somewhat longer than ovary.


Brazil: Rio de Janeiro.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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