Philodendron copense Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 420 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Panama

General Description

Hemiepiphytic; stem appressed-climbing, scandent; leaf scars inconspicuous; internodes short, thick, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 2-7 cm diam., broader than long, drying yellow-brown, epidermis moderately glossy, finely and acutely ridged on younger stems, lighter and more matte on older stems; roots drying brown, 15-75 cm long, 1-5 mm diam., numerous per node, epidermis peeling; cataphylls drying chartaceous, 7-25 cm long, usually 1-ribbed, pale red to reddish brown, drying yellowish brown to dark brown, persisting semi-intact as fibers. LEAVES erect to erect-spreading; petioles 53-109 cm long, 8-20 mm diam., sharply D-shaped, with broad medial rib adaxially, surface sometimes densely short-lineate, drying smooth and matte to semiglossy, light reddish brown or dark yellow-brown, the epidermis smooth and often flaking; blades ovate-triangular, moderately bicolorous to concolorous, abruptly acuminate at apex (the acumen (1)1.7-2.5 cm long), cordate at base, 56-84.5 cm long, 22-47 cm wide (1.8-2.7 times longer than wide), (0.77-1.1 times longer than petiole), broadest below point of petiole attachment margins broadly undulate, occasionally downturned, upper surface dark green, glossy to semiglossy, drying reddish brown, gray-green or olive-green, matte to weakly semiglossy, lower surface drying semiglossy, yellow-brown to reddish yellow-green; anterior lobe 32-64 cm long, 20-46 cm wide (2.6-3.3 times longer than posterior lobes), broadest at or near base, margins concave; posterior lobes 14.5-21.5 cm long, 22-47 cm wide, broadest at or near base, directed downward and inward to downward and outward, obtuse to semirounded; sinus spathulate to widely hippocrepiform; midrib weakly raised to flat above, thicker than broad, paler than surface, drying concolorous or darker than surface below; basal veins 6-10(15) per side, with 1 free to base, numbers 4-7 coalesced 6-9 cm, prominently raised below; posterior rib naked for 3.5-4 cm; primary lateral veins 11-16 per side, departing midrib at a 55-90º angle, straight to weakly arcuate, drying reddish brown, sunken and paler than surface above, raised, drying slightly darker than surface below; interprimary veins as conspicuous as primary lateral veins; minor veins arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins; lesser veins drying prominulous; "cross-veins" moderately conspicuous on both surfaces. INFLORESCENCES erect, to 6 per axil; peduncle 7-7.5 cm long, 7-15 mm diam., green, coarsely lineate; spathe coriaceous, 13-18.5 cm long, (1.8-2.6 times longer than peduncle), more or less constricted midway on the tube, acute at apex; spathe blade green, short pale-lineate towards base, striate near apex outside, 10.5 cm long, (opening broadly oblong-ovate in face view; spathe tube oblong-ellipsoid, green, tinged purple-violet, paler along margin outside, 8.5-9 cm long, 3.5 cm diam., maroon, conspicuously short-lineate inside; spadix sessile; oblong, 12.5 cm long, constricted at base of fertile staminate portion and tapering at both ends; pistillate portion white, cylindrical to ellipsoid, 6.5-7.5 cm long, 2.2-2.5 cm diam. throughout; staminate portion creamy white, 9 cm long, 9 mm diam. throughout, broadest in lower one-third; fertile portion 9--11 mm diam.; sterile portion narrower than the pistillate portion, 9-15 mm diam.; pistils 1.9-2.3 mm long, 1.9-2.3 mm diam.; ovary 3-5-locular, drying irregularly angled, walls embedded with granular, crystal-like particles, with axile placentation; ovules 20-22 per locule, style similar to style type B; style apex broadly and shallowly concave; stigma button-like, 0.5-0.7 mm long; sterile staminate flowers 2-2.4 mm long, 1-1.5 mm wide. INFRUCTESCENCE with berries white; seeds 0.8-0.9 mm long, 0.3-0.4 mm diam.


Premontane rain forest.


Endemic to Panama (but should be expected in eastern Costa Rica) and is known from Bocas del Toro and Coclé (El Copé).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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