Philodendron cipoense Sakuragui & Mayo
  • Kew Bull. 52: 674 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais: Serra de Espinhaço)

General Description

Epilithic herb. Stem: green at apex becoming greyish-chestnut in the mature parts, internodes 1-2 cm long. Prophyll 9-21 x 2-3 cm, narrowly lanceolate, greenish cream becoming maroon when old. LEAVES: Petiole 13-40 cm long. Leaf blade 24-41 x 19-36 cm, broadly ovate to circular, apex acute, base cordate to subcordate, frequently conduplicate; anterior division 13-30 x 19-36 cm, coriaceous, primary lateral veins 5-6 on each side, interprimary veins prominent on the abaxial surface; posterior divisions 6-12 x 7-10 cm, acroscopic veins 0-2 per side, basioscopic veins 1-3 on each side; basal veins 1-5, 2 coalesced 1-1.5 cm, most of the remainder coalesced 0.2-0.5 cm; posterior rib naked for 0.2-0.5 cm. INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescence 1 per floral sympodium; peduncle 3.5-5.5 cm long. Spathe 13-16 cm long, boat-shaped, not constricted, greenish cream outside, greenish red inside. Spadix 8-13 cm, male zone 5.5-8 cm long; male sterile zone 0.8-1.5 cm long; female zone 2.5-4 cm long. Flowers: stamens 1.3-2 x 0.9-1.2 mm; intermediate staminodes 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm; gynoecium 1.6-2 x 1-2 mm, bottle-shaped, ovary 6-8-locular, ovules 3-4 per locule, placentation sub-basal. Berries immature, 2.5-5 x 2-2.5 mm; seed 1-1.5 mm long, ellipsoid. Fig. 2. I-J.


On rock outcrops within campo rupestre vegetation.


Brazil, Serra do Espinhaço, Minas Gerais state.


Vulnerable (VU) D2. This species occurs in a restricted area and its populations are included within the Parque Nacional da Serra do Cipó. It occurs on rock outcrops in campo rupestre; this habitat is not under particular threat at the moment.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Giulietti & al. (2009). Plantas raras do Brasil: 1-496. Conservação International, Belo Horizonte, MG.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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