Philodendron buntingianum Croat
  • Aroideana 9: 89 (1986) 


Notes: Distribution: NW. Venezuela

General Description

Epipetric vine; internodes 2-6 cm long, 1-1.8 cm diam, green soon turning gray-green, somewhat flattened on one side, drying light brown and deeply fissured longitudinally with sharp ridges, the epidermis thin, often cracking loose; cataphylls green, 14-17 cm long, sharply 2-ribbed, soon deciduous. LEAVES with petioles 12-22 cm long, 1-1.5 cm diam., spongy, terete to obtusely flattened adaxially or sometimes with a faint, medial sulcus (Liesner & Cuariglia 11526), drying blackened with an even darker black ring around apex of petiole; blades moderately thin, ovate-elliptic to elliptic-oblanceolate, 24-45 cm long, 8-14 cm wide, broadest at or above the.middle, drying usually blackened, long-acuminate at apex, gradually narrowed in the lower one-fourth and subcordate at the base, the lobes rounded, extending 1-3 cm below the apex of the sinus, the latter acutely to obtusely V-shaped; both surfaces semi-glossy, dark green above, slightly paler beneath; midrib broadly convex above, more prominently raised beneath; primary lateral veins 8-10 pairs, arising at 55-65° angle, almost straight to the margins, sunken above, raised beneath; minor veins distinct beneath, all major veins usually drying black, darker than the surface. INFLORESCENCES 1-2 per axil; peduncles 7-13 cm long, slightly shorter than or longer than the spathe; spathe 12.5-14 cm long, greenish (all seen post-anthesis), not abruptly constricted, but narrowing gradually aboutmidway; spathe tube ca. 6 cm long, oblong-ellipsoid, spathe blade abruptly acuminate; spadix 0.5 cm shorter than the spathe; pistillate portion ca. 6-7 cm long, 1.2 cm diam. at anthesis, to 7 cm long, 3.5 cm diam. in fruit; pistils (dried) 1.5 mm long, the stigma button-shaped with small pit-like depressions in a small circle at the center, subtended by an irregularly shaped, 4-5 lobed apron 0.7-1.4 mm diam.; sterile staminate section 4-5 mm long, ca. 5 mm wide; fertile staminate portion more or less cylindroid, gradually tapered to its broadest point about midway on the spadix, (3)5-7 cm long, ca. 9 mm diam., bluntly tapered to the apex. INFRUCTESCENCE not seen.

Distribution

Known only from Venezuela in the Cordillera de Merida ranging from Merida to Tachira.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Northern South America Venezuela

  Bibliography

  • 1 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 2 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 3 Croat, T.Bernard & Lambert, N." The Araceae of Venezuela. Aroideana. 9 (1-4), (1986).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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