Philodendron brewsterense Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 413 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Panama

General Description

Epiphytic; stem scandent; leaf scars inconspicuous; internodes terete, 5--6.5 cm long, 4--5 mm diam., much longer than broad, drying yellowish brown, epidermis fissured narrowly; roots dark brown, drying moderately fuzzy, slender, 1 mm diam., very few per node; cataphylls weakly to sharply 2-ribbed, glossy, deciduous; LEAVES: petioles 9--11 cm long, to 4 mm diam., narrowly and obtusely sulcate adaxially, surface minutely wrinkled; sheath conspicuous, the tip free-ending (2--3 mm long); blades ovate, acuminate at apex (acumen inrolled, 1--2 mm long), weakly subcordate at base, 9.8--11 cm long, 7--8 cm wide (1--1.4 times longer than wide; about equal in length to petiole), broadest in lower one-third, margins revolute, drying reddish brown, upper surface medium green, drying grayish green, semiglossy, lower surface weakly glossy, moderately paler, drying yellowish green; anterior lobe 9--10.5 cm long, 7--8 cm wide (5.9--7.1 times longer than posterior lobes), broadest in lower one-third; posterior lobes 2--2.4 cm long, 2.8 cm wide, rounded; sinus obtusely angular, 5 mm deep; posterior rib lacking; midrib concave above, moderately raised, drying paler than surface below; basal veins numerous on each side but none of them outstanding, primary lateral veins lacking or indistinguishable from minor veins; minor veins close, arising from the midrib only, arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins. INFLORESCENCES 1 per axil; peduncle 4.7 cm long, 3.5 mm diam., dark brown; spathe erect, subcoriaceous, 9--9.3 cm long, (2.1 times longer than peduncle), maroon throughout on both surfaces; spathe blade 6.9 cm long; spathe tube 4.5 cm long, spadix green throughout (probably juvenile), narrowly rounded at apex, 7.3 cm long, constricted below sterile staminate portion; pistillate portion drying grayish, slightly tapered toward the apex, 2.1--2.5 cm long in front, 1.2 cm long in back, 4.5--5 mm diam. at apex, 5--6.8 mm diam. at middle; staminate portion 4.5--6.1 cm long; fertile staminate portion white, gradually tapered towards apex, 6.5--6.8 mm diam.; pistils 1.1 mm long; ovary 5-locular, 0.9 mm diam., ovule sac ca. 0.5 mm long, with sub-basal placentation; ovules 2 per locule, contained within transparent ovule sac, ca. 0.2--0.3 mm long, longer than funicle; funicle 0.1--0.2 mm long (can be pulled free to base), style 0.7--0.9 mm diam., similar to style type D; style apex rounded; style boss broadly and gently rounded; stigma button-like, distinctly lobed, 1 mm diam., 0.3 mm high, covering entire style apex, inserted on style boss; the androecium truncate, prismatic, margins irregularly 4--6-sided, 0.9--1.1 mm long, 3--5 mm diam. at apex; thecae oblong to weakly ellipical, 0.4 mm wide, more or less parallel to one another; sterile staminate flowers subrounded, 5--9 mm wide, grayish to pale orange.


Premontane rain forest life zone.


Endemic to Panama, where it is known only from the type specimen collected on Cerro Brewster in Comarca de San Blas Province.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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