Philodendron breedlovei Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 409 (1997) 


Notes: Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)

General Description

Hemiepiphytic; internodes to 7 cm or more long, ca. 1.5 cm diam., usually longer than broad, drying light brown, semiglossy, weakly and irregularly ribbed; cataphylls deciduous; LEAVES: petioles 34 cm long (slightly longer than blades), 7 mm diam., subterete; blades narrowly ovate-cordate, acuminate and slightly inequilateral at apex, sagittate at base, 37 cm long, 20 cm wide (1.8 times longer than wide; about equal in length to petiole), semiglossy, upper surface drying dark olive-green, lower surface drying yellowish brown; anterior lobe 31.5 cm long, 21 cm wide (4 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 7.5 cm long, 8.7 cm wide, narrowly rounded, directed toward base; sinus more or less V-shaped, 5--6 cm deep; midrib drying narrowly raised and darker below; basal veins 3--4 per side, with 0 free to base, 1 pair coalesced for 2.8 cm; posterior rib to 3 cm long, not naked; primary lateral veins 5--6 per side, arising initially at an acute angle then forming a gradual arch to margin, departing midrib at a 55º angle toward apex, 60--70º angle midway, to 80º angle near the base, weakly arcuate to the margins, drying weakly raised and paler below; minor veins arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins. INFLORESCENCES 1 per axil; peduncle 6 cm long, 6 mm diam.; spathe 10.5 cm long, (1.75 times longer than peduncle), slightly constricted midway, densely speckled-lineate, especially on the tube, red within, darker red on the tube within, weakly acuminate at apex, convolute to half its length at base; spathe blade greenish white to white, paler along the margins outside; spathe tube medium green outside, 5 cm long; spadix sessile; 6.5--8 cm long, broadest above the middle; pistillate portion 2.9 cm long, 1.7--1.9 cm diam., broadest at the middle; staminate portion 7.2 cm long; fertile staminate portion to 2.2 cm diam. midway, usually broader than the pistillate portion; sterile staminate portion 1.7 cm diam.; pistils 3.3--3.8 mm long, 1.7--1.8 mm diam.; ovary 5--6-locular, with axile placentation; ovules 20 per locule, 0.3--0.4 mm long, equal in length or slightly longer than funicle; style similar to style type B, 1.3--1.5 mm diam.; style apex truncate, minutely warty, irregularly 3--5-sided; stigma 2.3--2.5 mm diam., depressed with 5--6 small stylar canals; sterile staminate flowers 2.7--3.1 mm long, 0.9--1.6 mm wide.

Habitat

Bosque Pino-Encino or "Bosque Caducifolio".

Distribution

Known only from the type locality in Mexico (Chiapas). Since its type locality is very near Guatemala, it is expected to be found there as well.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Northern America Mexico Mexico Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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