Philodendron brandii Grayum
  • Syst. Bot. Monogr. 47: 86 (1996) 


Notes: Distribution: Colombia

General Description

Hemiepiphytic vine. Internodes 1.1-2.5 cm long, 0.45-0.70 cm wide, drying yellowish brown and coarsely sulcate; roots present at distal nodes, to ca. 1.0 mm in diameter. LEAVES: Petiole 6.1-10.0+ cm long, P/L=0.45-0.61, extensively sheathed, the sheath horizontally splayed with the free portion prolonged to ca. 2 mm; unsheathed portion of petiole 0.25-0.40 cm long. Lamina 11.7-16.3 cm long, 3.4-5.2 cm wide, L/W=2.96-3.46, IQI= 1-4, lanceolate to narrowly elliptical (broadest near to slightly below the middle), gradually long-acuminate apically (the acumen 1.0-1.8 cm long), cuneate to rounded basally; primary lateral veins very obscure, ca. 5 per side, ca. 0.2-4.2 cm apart; abaxial laminar surface drying moderately and uniformly low-granular, otherwise virtually featureless; adaxial surface ± uniformly rugulate to low-granular or subalveolate, otherwise virtually featureless. INFLORESCENCES solitary; cataphylls not observed; peduncle 4.0-4.3 cm long, P/S=0.34; spathe at anthesis unknown, in fruit 10.9 cm long, 2.4-2.6 cm wide, green externally; spathe drying uniformly and densely granular with white stitching externally, internally uniformly and densely granular, with longitudinal secretory striations in basal 4/5. Stipe of spadix 0.5 cm long; spadix in fruit 11.9 cm long, the fertile and sterile male portions unknown; fertile female portion of spadix in fruit 5.5 cm long, F/S=0.46, 2.2 cm wide; fertile and sterile male flowers unknown; female flowers unknown. INFRUCTESCENCES: Ripe fruits "amarillo.'' Seeds 0.65-0.85 mm long, 0.20-0.30 mm wide, straight to slightly curved, finely striate with the striae obscurely cancellate, drying medium brown and weakly glossy to semiglossy.

Habitat

Probably in the Premontane Wet Forest (Warm Transition) life zone.

Distribution

Known only by the type collection, from the Río Atrato basin of northwestern Colombia (Antioquia Department).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Western South America Colombia

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Grayum, M.Howard Revision of Philodendron subgenus Pteromischum (Araceae) for Pacific and Caribbean Tropical America. Systematic Botany Monographs. 47, (1996).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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