Philodendron biribiriense Sakuragui & Mayo
  • Kew Bull. 52: 673 (1997) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais: Serra de Espinhaço)

General Description

Epilithic herbs. Stem: apex green becoming greyish in the mature parts, internodes 1.5-6 cm long. Prophyll 6-14.5 x 1-2 cm, linear-lanceolate, greenish-cream becoming chestnut-coloured. LEAVES: Petiole 13-25 cm long. Leaf blade 13-25 x 9-15 cm, ovate to broadly ovate, apex acute, base cordate, glaucous on the adaxial surface, pale green on the abaxial surface, sub-coriaceus to coriaceous; anterior division 11-15.5 x 9-15.5 cm, primary lateral veins 3-5 per side, weakly impressed on the adaxial surface; posterior divisions 4-6 x 5-7.5 cm, acroscopic veins 0-1 per side, basiscopic veins 0-3 per side; basal veins 1-4 with none or rarely 1 free to base; posteriro rib naked for 0.2-0.5 cm. INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescence: 1 per floral sympodium; peduncle 2.4-4 cm long. Spathe 10-11 x 1.5 cm, boat-shaped, not constricted, reddish-green outside, greenish-red inside. Spadix 8.5-10.5 cm long; male zone 4-5 cm long, cream; male sterile zone 0.9-1.2 cm long, cream; female zone 3-3.5 cm long, vinaceous. Flowers: stamens 0.9-1.2 x 1-1.1 mm; sterile stamens 1.2-1.8 x 1-2 mm; gynoecium 1.6-2 x 1-1.2 mm, ovary 7-9-locular, 3-4 ovules per locule, sub-basal placentation. Berries immature, oblong, 1.8-3 x 1.5-2.4 mm, yellowish green. Fig. 2. D-F.


On rocks in ‘campo rupestre’ areas.


Brazil, Serra do Espinhaço, Central Minas Gerais.


Vulnerable (VU) D2. This species occurs in a restricted area and its populations are not known to be included in protected areas. It occurs on rock outcrops in ‘campo rupestre’, and this habitat is not under particular threat at the moment.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Giulietti & al. (2009). Plantas raras do Brasil: 1-496. Conservação International, Belo Horizonte, MG.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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