Philodendron bipennifolium Schott
  • Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 289 (1855) 

Notes: Distribution: S. Venezuela to N. & E. Brazil

General Description

Stem scandent, internodes 8-15 cm long, 6-12 mm thick. LEAVES: Petiole of the lower leaf sheathed up to halfway, petiole of upper leaves terete, 25-35 cm long, 4-8 mm thick. Blade thinly coriaceous, various; lower leaf oblong, slightly cordate at the base, upper leaves panduriform, uppermost leaf hastate-3-5-lobed or 3-5-lobed bipenniform [bipinnate], 20-35 cm long; posterior lobe or segment oblong, separated by a deep, open sinus, 6-10 cm long, middle lobe obtusely triangular, terminal lobe oblong-lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, 8-12 cm long, apex 1-1.5 cm long-cuspidate. Midrib rather thick, posterior rib disappearing towards the apex, shortly denuded in the sinus, 3-4 primary lateral veins on each side of the midrib emerging in the middle lobe, patent; 2-3 ascending in the terminal lobe. INFLORESCENCE: 2-3 peduncles coming from one axil, 4-5 cm long. Spathe dirty, yellowish-white, oblong, acute, 10-12 cm long, convolute, 15-18 cm wide. Spadix sessile; female zone cylindric, 4-5 cm long, 1 cm thick, male zone 5-6 cm long , at the base somewhat thicker than the female zone, attenuate towards the apex, eventually obtuse. Pistils oblong, 2 mm long, 1 mm wide, with a small, orbicular, discoid stigma, 6-7-locular; ovules numerous, affixed to the central placenta from the base to the apex.


Venezuela to S.E. Brazil.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil North
  • Brazil Northeast
  • Brazil Southeast
  • Northern South America Suriname
  • Venezuela


  • 1 Arruda Pontes, T., Moreira de Andrade, I. & Alves, M. (2010). Flora da Usina São José, Igarassu, Pernambuco: Araceae. Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 61: 689-794.
  • 2 Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Krause, K. Araceae-Philodendroideae-Philodendreae-Philodendrinae. Das Pflanzenreich. 60 (IV.23Db), (1913).
  • 5 Gardens, K.""Royal Bot World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (2008).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
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  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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