Philodendron appendiculatum Nadruz & Mayo
  • Bol. Bot. Univ. São Paulo 17: 50 (1998) 

Notes: Distribution: SE. & S. Brazil

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem: apex green becoming greenish-grey in the mature parts, internodes 3.5-8.5 cm long. Prophyll 12.5-28 x 1.5-3.5 cm, pale green to greenish yellow, triangular to narrowly triangular. LEAVES: Petiole 14-40 cm long. Leaf-blade 21.5-50 x 12-30 cm, ovate to ovate triangular, apex acute, base cordate to subsagittate to sagittate, distinctly paler on lower surface, chartaceous or rarely subcoriaceous; anterior division 15 – 40 x 12-30 cm, primary lateral veins 3-5 per side; posterior divisions 6-13 x 4-12 cm, acroscopic veins 0-3, basioscopic veins 1-2 per side; basal veins 1-4; posterior rib not naked. INFLORESCENCE: 2-3 per floral sympodium; peduncle 2.5-4.5 cm long. Spathe 9-15 cm long, ovate elliptic with strong constriction, green outside becoming white at anthesis and cream inside. Spadix 7.5-12.5 cm long; male zone 2.5-4 cm long, intermediate male sterile zone 0.6-1.2 cm long; apical male sterile zone 2-3.5 cm long; female zone 2-3 cm long. Flowers: stamens 1-2.5 x 1-2.3 mm; intermediate sterile stamens 2-2.8 x 0.8-1.8 mm; apical sterile stamens 1-1.5 x 1-1.3 mm; gynoecium 1.5-2.2 x 1.3-2 mm; ovary 5-8-locular; ovules 3-5 per locule, placentation sub-basal. Berries 3-5 x 2-3 mm, greenish becoming pale-orange; seed 1-2 mm long, fusiform. Fig. 3.


Hemi-epiphytic in tropical forests, mostly in shaded areas; More common in Atlantic forest of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states.


Southeast and Southern Brazil, more common in Atlantic forest of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states.


Least Concern (LC). Although much of the natural habitat of this species has been destroyed, it is a widespread species and several of its populations are located within protected areas such as the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia and Reserva Ecológica de Macaé de Cima (RJ), and Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga and Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins (SP).

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast


  • 1 Almeida, V.R., Temponi, L.G. & Forzza, R.C. (2005). Araceae da Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas gerais, Brasil. Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 56: 127-144.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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