Philodendron appendiculatum Nadruz & Mayo
  • Bol. Bot. Univ. São Paulo 17: 50 (1998) 


Notes: Distribution: SE. & S. Brazil

General Description

Hemi-epiphytic vine. Stem: apex green becoming greenish-grey in the mature parts, internodes 3.5-8.5 cm long. Prophyll 12.5-28 x 1.5-3.5 cm, pale green to greenish yellow, triangular to narrowly triangular. LEAVES: Petiole 14-40 cm long. Leaf-blade 21.5-50 x 12-30 cm, ovate to ovate triangular, apex acute, base cordate to subsagittate to sagittate, distinctly paler on lower surface, chartaceous or rarely subcoriaceous; anterior division 15 – 40 x 12-30 cm, primary lateral veins 3-5 per side; posterior divisions 6-13 x 4-12 cm, acroscopic veins 0-3, basioscopic veins 1-2 per side; basal veins 1-4; posterior rib not naked. INFLORESCENCE: 2-3 per floral sympodium; peduncle 2.5-4.5 cm long. Spathe 9-15 cm long, ovate elliptic with strong constriction, green outside becoming white at anthesis and cream inside. Spadix 7.5-12.5 cm long; male zone 2.5-4 cm long, intermediate male sterile zone 0.6-1.2 cm long; apical male sterile zone 2-3.5 cm long; female zone 2-3 cm long. Flowers: stamens 1-2.5 x 1-2.3 mm; intermediate sterile stamens 2-2.8 x 0.8-1.8 mm; apical sterile stamens 1-1.5 x 1-1.3 mm; gynoecium 1.5-2.2 x 1.3-2 mm; ovary 5-8-locular; ovules 3-5 per locule, placentation sub-basal. Berries 3-5 x 2-3 mm, greenish becoming pale-orange; seed 1-2 mm long, fusiform. Fig. 3.

Habitat

Hemi-epiphytic in tropical forests, mostly in shaded areas; More common in Atlantic forest of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states.

Distribution

Southeast and Southern Brazil, more common in Atlantic forest of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro states.

Conservation

Least Concern (LC). Although much of the natural habitat of this species has been destroyed, it is a widespread species and several of its populations are located within protected areas such as the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia and Reserva Ecológica de Macaé de Cima (RJ), and Parque Estadual das Fontes do Ipiranga and Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins (SP).

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Specimens
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil South
  • Brazil Southeast

  Bibliography

  • 1 Almeida, V.R., Temponi, L.G. & Forzza, R.C. (2005). Araceae da Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas gerais, Brasil. Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 56: 127-144.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.J. & Zappi, D.C. (2005). Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron. Kew Bulletin 60: 465-513.
  • 3 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 4 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
  • A All Rights Reserved
Global Biodiversity Information Facility
http://data.gbif.org
  • B All Rights Reserved
eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
  • D See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement.