Philodendron albisuccus Croat
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84: 393 (1997) 


Notes: Distribution: Panama

General Description

Hemiepiphytic; stem more or less appressed-climbing, to 75 cm long, to 2.8 cm diam. sap chalky white; internodes short, usually sparsely covered with cataphyll fibers, 2-3 cm long, 2.8 cm diam., dark green; roots brownish, few per node, epidermis smooth to flaking and peeling; cataphylls thin, to 40 cm long, weakly 1-ribbed to sharply 2-ribbed, sparsely short-lineate, persisting as thin, pale fibers at upper nodes, then deciduous; LEAVES: petioles 51-72 cm long, 3-7 mm diam., erect-spreading, subterete, dark green, weakly flattened from near base to middle, obtusely sulcate at the base adaxially, surface semiglossy; blades narrow ovate, subcoriaceous, splitting, long-acuminate at apex (the acumen inrolled), cordate at base, 50--66 cm long, 24.5-42 cm wide (1.6--2 times longer than wide), (ca. about equal in length to petiole), broadest just below point of petiole attachment, upper surface dark green, semiglossy, lower surface semiglossy, moderately paler, drying yellow-green; anterior lobe 37-48(54.5) cm long, 23.1-27.4(42.4) cm wide (4.2-4.4 times longer than posterior lobes); posterior lobes 8.5-11.5(16.5) cm long, 9.7-12(18.5) cm wide; sinus hippocrepiform; midrib flat, concolorous above, bluntly acute, slightly paler than surface below; basal veins 3-5 per side, with 1 free to base, third and higher order veins coalesced 0.5-2 cm long, the fifth and sixth veins sometimes coalesced to 5 cm long; posterior rib naked, raised; primary lateral veins (4)6-7(8) per side, departing midrib at a 60-65º angle, sunken above, raised to convex below; interprimary veins darker than surface; minor veins arising from both the midrib and primary lateral veins; lesser veins obscure to visible. INFLORESCENCES 1 per axil; peduncle (3.7)7-12 cm long, 3-3.5 mm diam., pale green; spathe semiglossy, 13.5-14.5 cm long, (1.2-1.8 times longer than peduncle), weakly constricted above the tube, green throughout, pale yellow-green (greenish brown post-anthesis) within; spathe tube densely short pale lineate outside, 5-7 cm long; spadix 12 cm long at anthesis; pistillate portion 4.3 cm long in front, 3 cm long in back, 8 mm diam. midway, 7 mm diam. at apex; staminate portion to 10 cm long; fertile staminate portion to 9 mm diam. toward apex, somewhat narrower just above the sterile portion, to 5 mm diam. 1 cm from apex; sterile staminate portion 9 mm diam.; pistils 6-6.3 mm long, 1.8-2.5 mm diam., ovary 5-6-locular, with axile placentation; ovules 2-seriate, style similar to style type B; style apex flat; stigma subdiscoid. INFRUCTESCENCE 6.4 cm long, 3 cm diam.; berries white; seeds 18-20 per locule.

Diagnostic Description

The species is superficially similar to both P. alticola Croat and P. straminicaule Croat & Grayum, both of which have blades of similar size, shape, and color upon drying. Both differ by having the inner surface of the spathe red rather than green.

Habitat

Premontane rain forest.

Distribution

Endemic to Panama, known only from the Serranía de Pirre in Darién Province.

Distribution Map

 
  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Central America Panamá

  Bibliography

  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Croat, T.Bernard A revision of Philodendron subgenus Philodendron (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 84, (1997).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
http://araceae.e-monocot.org
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot
http://e-monocot.org
eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from http://e-monocot.org.
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World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2011 onwards
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