Philodendron aemulum Schott
  • J. Bot. 2: 4 (1864) 

Notes: Distribution: Brazil (E. Bahia: I. de Itaparica)

General Description

[Description based on the original description and the neotype]. Climbing, hemi-epiphitic vine. Stem with elongated internodes, shorter than broad. Prophyll not seen. LEAVES: Petiole canaliculate, sheath long in juvenile leaves. Leaf blade ovate triangular, distinctly paler on lower surface; apex acuminate, base cordate to cordate-sagittate, primary lateral veins 4 per side, posterior lobes rounded, acroscopic and basioscopic veins not distinct; basal vein and posterior rib information lacking. INFLORESCENCE: spathe c. 15 cm long, longer than the spadix. Spadix narrowing gradually towards the apex, male zone 3 times longer than the female zone. Flowers: gynoecium green with white stigmatic region, ovary 9-11-locular, 3-4 ovules per locule, placentation sub-basal.


Hemi-epiphytic in Atlantic Forest.


Brazil: Ilha de Itaparica, Bahia state.


Data deficient (DD); only the type collection known so far.

Distribution Map

  • Native distribution
Found in
  • Southern America Brazil Brazil Northeast


  • 1 Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • 2 Sakuragui, C.M., Mayo, S.Joseph & Zappi, D.C. Taxonomic revision of Brazilian species of Philodendron section Macrobelium Kew Bull. 60, (2005).

 Information From

CATE Araceae
Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 14 Dec 2011 . 17 Dec 2011.
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eMonocot. (2010, 1st November). Retrieved Wednesday, 8th February, 2012, from
  • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
WCSP 2014. 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; Retrieved 2011 onwards
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